Peanut relates to the legume family. There are several varieties of peanuts, but the Spanish, Runner, Virginia and Valencia are more common. Many things are made of peanuts such as as butter, flour and cereals. They contain vitamin C, vitamin E, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid, calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, manganese, carbohydrates, fats and proteins. The nut has a high protein content and are therefore useful for body building and for people who are underweight.
The nut contains polyphenols p-coumaric acid which is an antioxidant. Roasting it increases the level of an antioxidant. It also contains coenzyme Q10, which is safe for the heart in a situation of lack of oxygen.
Unsalted nuts are good for lowering cholesterol because of its mono-unsaturated fat content. Vitamin E is present in these nuts which prevents cardiovascular diseases and cancer.
Niacin is present in peanuts which help restore the damaged cells and thus are useful in disorders like Alzheimer’s disease and other cognitive problems associated with aging. In Peanuts, content of calcium is good for bone health. The iron content is useful for the proper functioning of red blood cells. The fiber content protects against colon cancer. It aids in the development of male and female hormones.
Nuts include bioflavonoids, resveratrol, which improves blood flow to the brain and as high as 30%. This reduces the risk of stroke. Even small quantities of peanuts in the diet may reduce LDL cholesterol by 14%. Eating peanuts protects from the formation of gallstones. Eating nuts reduces the risk of weight gain.