Plum is a reddish purple juicy berry like fruit. It is a good source of vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B2, potassium, and dietary fiber. The fruit has more than 2,000 varieties. All are divided into six types: Ornamental, American, Japanese, European, wildlife and Damson. In general, the fruit has a circular shape, but it may also be oval. Plums have different colors like blue, black, red, green, magenta, yellow, or amber. Its pulp can be green, pink, orange or yellow.
Plums are sweet juicy fruits. The plant belongs to the genus of Prunus, and is similar to the nectarine, peach and almond. Dried plums are known as prunes. Prunus domestica is the scientific name of the plant plum. The fruits contain two phytonutrients that are classified as phenols.
They are nechlorogenic acid and chlorogenic acid, and are well known for their antioxidant properties. These phytonutrients neutralize free radicals generated during metabolism. They also prevent the oxidation of fats, cholesterol and triglycerides circulating in the blood.